All of Professor Pimm’s research publications can be downloaded through ResearchGate.


Professor Stuart L. Pimm — Publications
(from 1976 onward: 9 before 1976) — click on green entries for .pdfs


  1. Crowell, K. and S. L. Pimm. 1976. Competition and niche shifts of mice introduced onto small islands. Oikos 27: 251- 258.
  2. Pimm, S. L. and J. H. Lawton. 1977. On the number of trophic levels. Nature 268:329–331.
  3. Lawton, J. H. and S. L. Pimm. 1978. Population dynamics and the lengths of food chains. Nature 272:189–190.
  4. Pimm, S. L. 1978. Niche overlaps. Science 202:1075–1076.
  5. Pimm, S. L. and J. H. Lawton. 1978. On feeding on more than one trophic level. Nature 275:542–544.
  6. Raitt, R. J. and S. L. Pimm. 1978. The dynamics of desert and grassland bird communities. In The Biological Resources of the Chihuahuan Desert (Results of a symposium held at Alpine, Texas, Sept. 1974), pp. 579–589.
  7. Pimm, S. L. 1978. An experimental approach to the effects of predictability on community structure. American Zoologist 18:797–808.
  8. Pimm, S. L. 1979. Cave communities and statistical inference. American Naturalist 113:159–160.
  9. Pimm, S. L. and J. H. Lawton. 1979. Some real communities are unstable—Reply. Nature 279:882.
  10. Hallett, J. G. and S. L. Pimm. 1979. Direct estimation of competition. American Naturalist 113:593–599.
  11. Pimm, S. L. 1979. Sympatric speciation: a simulation model. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 11:131–139.
  12. Pimm, S. L. 1979. The structure of food webs. Theoretical Population Biology 16:144–158.
  13. Pimm, S. L. 1979. Complexity and stability: another look at MacArthur’s original hypothesis. Oikos 33:357.
  14. Pimm, S. L. 1980. Bounds on food web connectance. Nature 285:511.
  15. Pimm, S. L. 1980. The properties of food webs. Ecology 61:219–225
  16. Pimm, S. L. and J. H. Lawton. 1980. Are food webs compartmented? Journal of Animal Ecology 49:879–898.
  17. Pimm, S. L. and D. P. Bartell. 1980. A statistical model for predicting range expansion of the red imported fire ant. Environmental Entomology 9:653–658.
  18. Pimm, S. L. 1980. Species deletion and the design of food webs. Oikos 35:139–149.
  19. Pimm, S. L. and M. L. Rosenzweig. 1981. Competitors and habitat use. Oikos 37:1–6.
  20. Pimm, S. L. 1981. Line–transect techniques: summary. In Estimating Numbers of Terrestrial Birds. (Studies in Avian Biology, no. 6), ed. by C. J. Ralph and M. P. Scott. Allen Press, Lawrence, KS.
  21. Pimm, S. L. and J. W. Pimm. 1982. Resource use, competition and resource availability in Hawaiian Honeycreepers. Ecology 63:1468–1480.
  22. Pimm, S. L. 1983. Dietary overlaps: Monte-Carlo simulations. In Lizard Ecology: Studies of a Model Organism, ed. by R. B. Huey, E. R. Pianka and T. W. Schoener. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.
  23. Moulton, M. P. and S. L. Pimm. 1983. The introduced Hawaiian avifauna: biogeographical evidence for competition. American Naturalist 121:669–690.
  24. Post, W. M. and S. L. Pimm. 1983. Community assembly and food web stability. Mathematical Biosciences 64:169–192.
  25. Pimm, S. L. 1983. Review of D. Tilman, 1982, Resource Competition and Community Structure, Princeton U. Press, Princeton, NJ. Limnology and Oceanography 28:1043–1045.
  26. King, A. W. and S. L. Pimm. 1983. Complexity and stability: a reconciliation of theoretical and experimental results. American Naturalist 122:229–239.
  27. Pimm, S. L. 1984. Food chains and return times. In Community Ecology: Conceptual Issues and the Evidence, eds. D. R. Strong, D. Simberloff, L. F. Abele, and A. B. Thistle. Princeton U. Press, Princeton, NJ.
  28. Pimm, S. L. 1984. The complexity and stability of ecosystems. Nature 307:321–326. (A review article)
  29. Pimm, S. L., M. L. Rosenzweig and W. M. Mitchell. 1984. Competition and food selection: field tests of a theory. Ecology 66:798–807.
  30. Moulton, M. P. and S. L. Pimm. 1985. The extent of competition in shaping an experimental avifauna. In Community Ecology, eds. by J. Diamond and T. J. Case. Harper and Row, New York.
  31. Brown, J. L. and S. L. Pimm. 1985. The origin of helping: the role of variability in reproductive potential. Journal of Theoretical Biology 112:465–477.
  32. Kitching, R. L. and S. L. Pimm. 1985. Food chain lengths: phytotelmata in Australia and elsewhere. Proceedings of the Ecological Society of Australia 14:123–139.
  33. Pimm, S. L. 1985. Estimating competition coefficients from census data. Oecologia 67:588–590.
  34. Pimm, S. L. 1985. Review of N. MacDonald, 1983, Trees and Networks in Biological Models, John Wiley, New York. Quarterly Review of Biology 60:133–134.
  35. Moulton, M. P. and S. L. Pimm. 1985. The influence of competition in shaping an experimental avifauna. National Geographic Society Research Reports 21:365–380.
  36. Moulton, M. P. and S. L. Pimm. 1986. Species introductions to Hawaii. In Ecology of Biological Invasions of North America and Hawaii, eds. H. A. Mooney and J. A. Drake. Springer-Verlag, New York.
  37. McBee, K., R. J. Baker and S. L. Pimm. 1985. Utility of morphological distance measures and clustering algorithms: a test using phyllostomatid bats. Annals of Carnegie Museum 54:393-412.
  38. Pimm, S. L. 1986. Community structure and stability. In Conservation Biology, ed. M. Soulé. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MA.
  39. Pimm, S. L. 1986. Putting the species back into community ecology. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 1:51–52.
  40. Pimm, S. L. 1986. Filling niches carefully. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 1:86–87.
  41. Redfearn, A. and S. L. Pimm. 1987. Insect pest outbreaks and community structure. In Insect Pests, eds. P. Barbosa and J. C. Schultz. Academic Press, New York.
  42. Pimm, S. L. and R. L. Kitching. 1987. The determinants of food chain lengths. Oikos 50:302–307.
  43. Pimm, S. L. 1987. Determining the effects of introduced species. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 2:106–107.
  44. Pimm, S. L. 1987. Darwin’s finches. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 2:228–229.
  45. Pimm, S. L. 1987. The snake that ate Guam. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 2:293–295.
  46. Moulton, M. P. and S. L. Pimm. 1987. Morphological assortment in introduced Hawaiian passerines. Evolutionary Ecology 1:113–124.
  47. Pimm, S. L. and B. R. Levin. 1987. Impact on competitor abilities of specific genetic alterations. In Ecological Issues Relevant to Environmental Application of Genetically Engineered Organisms, ed. E. Norse. Office of Technology Assessment, Washington, D.C.
  48. Pimm, S. L. and J. A. Rice. 1987. The dynamics of multispecies, multi-life-stage models of aquatic food webs. Theoretical Population Biology 32:303–325.
  49. Vaughan, G. L., S. L. Pimm and D. E. Fields. 1987. Extinction cascade: biological consequences of nuclear winter. Transactions American Nuclear Society 55:30–31.
  50. Redfearn, A. and S. L. Pimm. 1988. Population variability and polyphagy in herbivorous insect communities. Ecological Monographs 58:39–55.
  51. Pimm, S. L. and J. B. Hyman. 1987. Ecological stability in the context of multispecies fisheries. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 44:84–94.
  52. Pimm, S. L. and A. Redfearn. 1988. The variability of animal populations. Nature 334:613–614.(This paper was the subject of a “News and Views” article, by J. H. Lawton, in the same issue of Nature.)
  53. Pimm, S. L. 1988. Niche geometry. In Community Ecology (Lecture Notes in Biomathematics, 77), ed. A. Hastings. Springer–Verlag, New York.
  54. Pimm, S. L. 1988. Energy flow and trophic structure. In Concepts of Ecosystem Ecology, eds. L. Pomeroy and J. Alberts. Springer-Verlag, New York.
  55. Pimm, S. L., H. L. Jones and J. M. Diamond. 1988. On the risk of extinction. American Naturalist 132:757–785. (This paper was the subject of a “Research News”article by R. Lewin in Science 243:1294.)
  56. Pimm, S. L. 1988. Rapid evolutionary change in an introduced bird. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 3:290.
  57. Pimm, S. L. and R. L. Kitching. 1988. Food web patterns: trivial flaws or the basis of an active research program? Ecology 69:1669–1672.
  58. Pimm, S. L. 1989. Theories of predicting success and impact of introduced species. In Biological Invasions: A global Perspective, eds. J. A. Drake and H. A. Mooney. Wiley, Chichester.
  59. Pimm, S. L. and M. Gilpin. 1989. Theoretical aspects of conservation biology. In Perspectives in Ecological Theory, eds. J. Roughgarden, R. M. May and S. A. Levin. Princeton U. Press, Princeton, NJ.
  60. Pimm, S. L., J. Gittleman, G. F. McCracken and M. Gilpin. 1989. Genetic bottlenecks: alternative explanations for low genetic variability. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 4:176–177.
  61. Western, D., M. C. Pearl, S. L. Pimm, B. Walker, I. Atkinson and D. Woodruff. 1989. An agenda for conservation action. In Conservation for the Twenty-first Century, eds. D. Western and M. C. Pearl. Oxford University Press, New York.
  62. Pimm, S. L. and A. Redfearn. 1989. Bird population densities. Nature 338:628.
  63. Pimm, S. L. 1989. Communities oceans apart? Nature 339:13.
  64. Diamond, J., S. L. Pimm, M. E. Gilpin and M. LeCroy. 1989. Rapid evolution of character displacement in myzomelid honeyeaters. American Naturalist 134:675–708.
  65. Pimm, S. L. and J. L. Gittleman. 1990. Carnivores and ecologists on the road to Damascus. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 5:70–73.
  66. Witteman, G. J., A. Redfearn and S. L. Pimm. 1990. The extent of complex population changes in nature. Evolutionary Ecology 4:173–183.
  67. Pimm, S. L. 1990. The decline of the Newfoundland Crossbill. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 5:350–351.
  68. Witteman, G. J., R. E. Beck, S. L. Pimm and S. Derrickson. 1990. The extinction and re–introduction of the Guam Rail. Endangered Species Update 8:36–39.
  69. Moulton, M. P., S. L. Pimm and M. W. Krissinger. 1990. Nutmeg Mannikin (Lonchura punctulata): a comparison of abundances in O’ahu versus Maui sugarcane fields: evidence for competitive exclusion? ‘Elepaio 50:83–85.
  70. Pimm, S. L. 1991. Human population growth and ecological integrity. In Bioscience and Society, eds. D. J. Roy, R. W. Old and B. E. Wynne. John Wiley, Chichester.
  71. Pimm, S. L., J. H. Lawton and J. E. Cohen. 1991. Food webs patterns and their consequences. Nature 350:669–674. (A Review article)
  72. Pimm, S. L. 1991. Falling victim to politics. Nature 350:668.
  73. Pimm, S. L. 1991. Preface to Dynamics of Nutrient Cycling and Food Webs, by D. L. DeAngelis. Chapman and Hall, London.
  74. Gittleman, J. L. and S. L. Pimm. 1991. Crying wolf in North America. Nature 351:524–525.
  75. Pimm, S. L. 1991. Planting flowers and assembling complex systems. Restoration and Management Notes 9:5–6.
  76. Pimm, S. L. 1991. The BTO Gannet meets the Hawaiian ‘Akiapolau. British Trust for Ornithology News 176:10–13.
  77. Pimm, S. L. and J. L. Gittleman. 1992. Biodiversity: where is it? Science 255:940. (Reprinted in F. B. Samson and F. L. Knopf, Ecosystem Management, Selected Readings, Springer-Verlag, 1996).
  78. Jenkins, B., R. L. Kitching, and S. L. Pimm. 1992. Productivity, disturbance, and food web structure at a local spatial scale in experimental container habitats. Oikos 65:249–255.
  79. Redfearn, A. and S. L. Pimm. 1992. Natural enemies and community dynamics. In Natural Enemies, ed. M. J. Crawley, pp. 395–411. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford.
  80. Pimm, S. L. 1992. Frog ponds and ocean iron. Nature 360:298–299.
  81. Duckworth, W. D. (chairman) and seven others, including S. L. Pimm. 1992. Scientific Bases for the Preservation of the Hawaiian Crow. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. 136 pp.
  82. Orians, G. H. (chairman) and six others, including S. L. Pimm. 1992. Report of the Advisory Panel on the Everglades and Endangered Species. National Audubon Society, New York. 44 pp.
  83. Cohen, J. E., S. L. Pimm, P. Yodzis and J. Saldaña. 1993. Body sizes of animal predators and animal prey in food webs. Journal of Animal Ecology 62:67–78.
  84. Cohen, J. E. and 23 others including S. L. Pimm. 1993. Improving food webs. Ecology 74:252–258.
  85. Pimm, S. L. 1993. Ecosystem dynamics: nature’s short, sharp, shocks. Current Biology 3:288–290.
  86. Luh, H–K and S. L. Pimm. 1993. The assembly of ecological communities: a minimalist approach. Journal of Animal Ecology 62:749–765.
  87. Blackburn, T. M, Lawton, J. H. and S. L. Pimm. 1993. Non–metabolic explanations for the relationship between body size and animal abundance. Journal of Animal Ecology 62:694–702.
  88. Pimm, S. L. 1993. Understand indirect effects: is it possible? In Mutualism and community organization, eds. H. Kawanabe, J. E. Cohen and K. Iwasaki, pp. 199–209. Oxford University Press, New York.
  89. Pimm, S. L., J. Diamond, T. R. Reed, G. J. Russell and J. Verner. 1993. Times to extinction for small populations of large birds. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (U.S.A.) 90:10871–10875. (This paper was the subject of an article in the New York Times of Tuesday, Dec. 14th, 1993.)
  90. Diamond, J. and S. L. Pimm. 1993. Survival times of bird populations. American Naturalist 142:1030–1035.
  91. Pimm, S. L. 1993. Life on an intermittent edge. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 8:45–46.
  92. Pimm, S. L. 1993. Biodiversity and the balance of nature. In Biodiversity and Ecosystem Function, eds. E.-D. Schulze and H. A. Mooney, pp. 347–360. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
  93. Pimm, S. L. and A. M. Sugden. 1994. Tropical diversity and global change. Science 263:933–934. (This paper, and the paper by Oliver Phillips and Al Gentry that it discusses, was covered by scores of newspaper articles and radio programmes worldwide.)
  94. Pimm, S. L. 1994. What the woods won’t whisper. The Sciences 34(May/June):16–19.
  95. Pimm, S. L. 1994. Species that need no introduction. In Encyclopaedia Britannica: Yearbook of Science and the Future, pp. 200–219.
  96. Pimm, S. L., M. P. Moulton and J. Justice. 1994. Bird extinctions in the central Pacific. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society 344:27–33. (This paper was the subject of an article in The Guardian March 17, 1994.)
  97. Lockwood, J. L. and S. L. Pimm. 1994. Species: would any of them be missed? Current Biology 4:455–457.
  98. Pimm, S. L., G. E. Davis, L. Loope, C. T. Roman, T. J. Smith, III and J. T. Tilmant. 1994. Hurricane Andrew. Bioscience 44:224–229.
  99. Meffe, G. K., C. R. Carroll and S. L. Pimm. 1994. Community level conservation. In Principles of Conservation Biology, eds. G. K. Meffe and C. R. Carroll, pp. 209–236. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Mass.
  100. Pimm, S. L. 1994. The importance of watching birds from airplanes. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 9:41–43 .
  101. Pimm, S. L. 1994. An American tale. Nature 370:188.
  102. Pimm, S. L. 1994. Cassandra debates Pangloss. Nature 372:512–513.
  103. Pimm, S. L. and J. Curnutt. 1994. The management of endangered birds. In Biodiversity and Terrestrial Ecosystems (Monograph Series, no. 14), eds. C.-I. Peng and C. H. Chou, pp. 227–244. Institute of Botany, Academia Sinica, Taipei.
  104. Nott, P., E. Rogers and S. L. Pimm. 1995. Modern extinctions in the kilo-death range. Current Biology 5:14–17.
  105. Pimm, S. L., M. P. Moulton and J. Justice. 1995. Bird extinctions in the central Pacific. In Extinction Rates, eds. J. H. Lawton and R. M. May, pp. 75–87. Oxford University Press. (This is an expanded version of the 1994 paper of the same title in a published collection of papers from the Royal Society meeting.)
  106. Pimm, S. L. 1995. Beyond the forest primeval. Nature 374:24–25.
  107. Pimm, S. L. 1995. Dead reckoning. The Sciences 35(March/April):15–17 .
  108. Pimm, S. L. 1995. Threatened species around the world. In The World Book Encyclopedia Science Year 1995, pp. 174-177.
  109. Pimm, S. L. 1995. Seeds of our own destruction. New Scientist (8 April):31–35. (This was the subject of a live radio interview on Australian Broadcasting Corporation, and was covered by several Australian newspapers.)
  110. Curnutt, J. L. and S.L. Pimm. 1995. Managing nature when there are no ‘ill winds.’ Current Biology 5:713–715.
  111. Cairns, John Jr., Hampton L. Carson, Jared M. Diamond, Thomas Eisner, Stephen Jay Gould, Daniel H. Janzen, Jane Lubchenco, Ernst Mayr, Charles D. Michener, Gordon H. Orians, Stuart L. Pimm, Daniel Simberloff, John W. Terborgh and Edward O. Wilson. 1995. Brief of Amici Curiae Scientists, in the Supreme Court of the United States, February 17. (The Supreme Court’s decision in this case (Sweet Home versus Babbitt) agreed with our arguments that a loss of habitat constitutes a “take” of endangered species, just as does killing such species directly.)
  112. Pimm, S. L., G. J. Russell, J. L. Gittleman and T. M. Brooks. 1995. The future of biodiversity. Science 269:347–350. (This article was the subject of an article in the New York Times (July 25th 1995) and of articles in several other newspapers. It was considered one of the “top 100 science stories” by Discover Magazine. )
  113. Ariño, A. and S. L. Pimm. 1995. On the nature of population extremes. Evolutionary Ecology 9:429–443.
  114. Pimm, S. L. 1995. Biological extinction: disappearing species. In Scientific American Triumph of Discovery: A Chronicle of Great Adventures in Science, pp. 38–41. Henry Holt, New York.
  115. Pimm, S. L. and R. Askins. 1995. Forest losses predict bird extinctions in eastern North America. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (U.S.A.) 92:9343–9347. (This paper was the subject of articles in the New York Times of Tuesday, Sept. 26th 1995 and Tuesday, June 10th 1997.)
  116. Pimm, S. L. 1995. Nature lovers and other villains. Nature 378:104–105.
  117. Russell, G. J., J. R. Diamond, S. L. Pimm and T. M. Reed. 1995. A century of turnover: community dynamics at three time scales. Journal of Animal Ecology 64:628–641. (Winner of the 1995 Charles Elton Prize)
  118. Pimm, S. L. 1996. Designer ecosystems. Nature 379:217–218.
  119. Manne, L. and S. L. Pimm. 1996. Engineered food webs. Current Biology 6:29–21.
  120. Curnutt, J. L., S. L. Pimm and B. A. Maurer. 1996. Population variability of sparrows in space and time. Oikos 76:131–144.
  121. Pimm, S. L. 1996. The lonely Earth. World Conservation 1:8–9.
  122. Pimm, S. L., G. J. Russell, J. L. Gittleman and T. M. Brooks. 1996. Extinction rates. Science 273:297.
  123. Pimm, S. L. 1996. Brown fables, green wit. Nature 383:494.
  124. Pimm, S. L. 1996. Lessons from a kill. Biodiversity and Conservation 5:1059–1067.
  125. Pimm, S. L. 1996. (The year in) Ecology. Encyclopaedia Britannica: Yearbook of Science and the Future 1997.
  126. Morton, D., R. Law, S. L. Pimm, and J. A. Drake. 1996. On models for assembling ecological communities. Oikos 75:493–499.
  127. Nott, M. P. and S. L. Pimm. 1997. The evaluation of biodiversity as a target for conservation. In The Ecological Basis of Conservation, eds. S. T. A. Pickett, R. S. Ostfeld, M. Shachak and G. E. Likens. Chapman and Hall, New York.
  128. Pimm, S. L. 1997. The value of everything. Nature 387:231–232. (The paper by Constanza et al. that this article discusses was covered by many newspapers and radio programmes, worldwide. Pimm’s comments appeared in several of these, including Newsweek.)
  129. Mayer, A. and S. L. Pimm. 1997. Tropical rainforests: diversity begets diversity. Current Biology 7:430–432.
  130. Brooks, T. M., S. L. Pimm and N. J. Collar. 1997. Deforestation predicts the number of threatened birds in insular southeast Asia. Conservation Biology 11:382–384.
  131. Pimm, S. L. 1997. Agriculture: in search of perennial solutions. Nature 389:126–127.
  132. Pimm, S. L. 1997. (The year in) Ecology. Encyclopaedia Britannica: Yearbook of Science and the Future 1998.
  133. Lockwood, J. L., R. D. Powell, M. P. Nott and S. L. Pimm. 1997. Assembling ecological communities in time and space. Oikos 80:549–553.
  134. Pimm, S. L. and J. H. Lawton. 1998. Planning for biodiversity. Science 279:2068–2069.
  135. Pimm, S. L. 1998. The forest fragment classic. Nature 393:23.
  136. Curnutt, J. L., A. L. Mayer, T. M. Brooks, L. L. Manne, O. L. Bass, Jr., D. M. Fleming, M. P. Nott and S. L. Pimm. 1998. Population dynamics of the endangered Cape Sable seaside-sparrow. Animal Conservation 1:11–20.
  137. Nott, M. P., O. L. Bass, Jr., D. M. Fleming, S. E. Killeffer, N. Fraley, L. Manne, J. L. Curnutt, T. M. Brooks, R. Powell and S. L. Pimm. 1998. Water levels, rapid vegetational changes, and the endangered Cape Sable seaside-sparrow. Animal Conservation 1:21–29.
  138. Pimm, S. L. 1998. Biodiversity as everything. Quarterly Review of Biology 75:51–54.
  139. Pimm, S. L. 1998. Extinction. In Conservation Science and Action, ed. W. J. Sutherland. Blackwell Science, Oxford.
  140. Pimm, S. L. 1998. Managing nature by coin tossing. South African Journal of Science 94:306.
  141. Pimm, S. L. 1998. (The year in) Ecology. Encyclopaedia Britannica: Yearbook of Science and the Future 1999.
  142. Whyte, I. van Aarde and S. L. Pimm. 1998. Managing the elephants of Kruger National Park. Animal Conservation 1:77-83.
  143. Mayer, A. L. and S. L. Pimm. 1998. Integrating endangered species protection and ecosystem management: the Cape Sable seaside-sparrow as a case study. In Conservation in a Changing World, eds. G. M. Mace, A. Balmford, and J. R. Ginsberg. Cambridge University Press.
  144. Manne, L. L, S. L. Pimm, J. M. Diamond and T. M. Reed. 1998. The form of the curves: a direct evaluation of MacArthur & Wilson’s classic theory. Journal of Animal Ecology. 67: 784-794.
  145. Pimm, S. L. 1999. The dynamics of the flows of matter and energy. In Advanced Ecological Theory: Principles and Applications ed. J. McGlade. Blackwell Science.
  146. Lockwood, J. L. and S. L. Pimm. 1999. What does restoration succeed? Pages 363 – 392 in Ecological Assembly Rules: Perspectives, Advances and Retreats, eds. E. Weiher and P. A. Keddy. Cambridge University Press.
  147. Manne, L. L, T. M. Brooks and S. L. Pimm. 1999. Relative risk of extinction of passerine birds on continents and islands. Nature 399: 258-261
  148. Pimm, S. L. 1999. (The year in) Ecology. Encyclopaedia Britannica: Yearbook of Science and the Future 2000.
  149. National Research Council 1999. (Fourteen authors including S. L. Pimm). Perspectives on Biodiversity: Valuing its Role in an Ever-changing World. National Academy Press, Washington, DC.
  150. van Aarde, R, I, Whyte, and S. L. Pimm. 1999. Culling and the dynamics of the Kruger National Park African elephant population. Animal Conservation 2: 287-294.
  151. Pimm, S. L. 1999. Seeing both the woods and the trees. Nature 402: 853-854.
  152. Brooks, T. M., S. L. Pimm, and J. O. Oyugi. 1999. Time Lag between Deforestation and Bird Extinction in Tropical Forest Fragments. Conservation Biology 13: 1140-1150
  153. Brooks, T. M., S. L. Pimm, V. Kapos and C. Ravilious 1999. Threat from deforestation to montane and lowland birds and mammals in insular Southeast Asia. Journal of Animal Ecology 68: 1061-1078
  154. Pimm, S. L. and P. Raven. 2000. Extinction by numbers. Nature 403: 843-845.
  155. Pimm, S.L. 2000. Measuring the millennium. Oikos 88: 3 – 5.
  156. Pimm, S.L. and T. M. Brooks. 2000 The Sixth Extinction: How large, how soon, and where? Pages 46 – 62, in Raven, P. (ed). Nature and Human Society: the quest for a sustainable world. National Academy Press, Washington, DC.
  157. Pimm, S. L. 2000 Against triage. (Book review of The California Condor). Science: 289: 2289
  158. Pimm, S. L. 2000. Biodiversity is us. Oikos 90: 3 -6.
  159. Pimm, S. L. 2000. Conservation connections. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 15: 262-263.
  160. Pimm, S. L. and J. Harvey 2000. The world at our fingertips. Oikos 91: 209-212.
  161. Pimm, S. L. 2001. Ecological Pyramid. Pages 316-319 in R. A. Eblen and W. R. Eblen The Environment Encyclopedia, vol 3, Marshall Cavendish, Tarrytown, NY.
  162. Pimm, S. L. 2000. Alerta para as aves de mata altântica. Ciêntia Hoje, 27: 64-67 (Julho).
  163. Curnutt, J. and S. L. Pimm 2001. How many bird species in Hawai’i and the Central Pacific before first contact? Pages 15 – 30 in J. M. Scott, S. Conant, and C. van Riper III, (eds). Evolution, Ecology, Conservation, and Management of Hawaiian Birds: a Vanishing Avifauna. Studies in Avian Biology 22.
  164. Pimm, S. L. 2001. Entrepreneurial insects. Nature 411: 521-532.
  165. Pimm, S. L. and R. J. van Aarde, 2001. Population control: African elephants and contraception. Nature 411: 766.
  166. Pimm, S. L. 2001. Cenozoic Dramas. Science 292: 1841-1843
  167. Manne, L. L. and S. L. Pimm. 2001. Beyond eight forms of rarity: which species are threatened and which will be next? Animal Conservation 4: 221-230.
  168. Lockwood, J. L., K.H. Fenn, J. M Caudill, D. Okines, O. L. Bass, Jr., J. R. Duncan and S. L. Pimm 2001. The implications of Cape Sable seaside sparrow demography for Everglades restoration. Animal Conservation 4: 275-281.
  169. Pimm, S. L. and 32 others. 2001. Can we defy Nature’s end? Science 233: 2207-2208.
  170. Pimm, S. L. and J. Harvey. 2001. No need to worry about the future. Nature 414:149-150
  171. Pimm, S. L. and O. L. Bass, Jr. 2002. Range-wide risks to large populations: the Cape Sable sparrow as a case history. Pages 406-424 in S. R. Beissinger and D. L. McCullough (eds). Population Viability Analysis. The University of Chicago Press.
  172. Russell, G. J, O. L. Bass, Jr., and S. L. Pimm. 2002. The effect of hydrological patterns and breeding-season flooding on the numbers and distribution of wading birds in Everglades National Park. Animal Conservation 5: 185-199.
  173. Pimm, S. L. 2002. The dodo went extinct (and other ecological myths). Annals of the Missouri Botanic Garden, 89: 190-198.
  174. Pimm, S. L. 2002. Hat die viefalt des lebens auf der erde eine zukunft? Nature und Kulture 3: 3-33.
  175. Pimm, S. L. 2002. No more moa. Nature 420: 361.
  176. Piper, J. K. and S. L. Pimm 2002. The creation of prairie-like communities. Community Ecology 3: 205-216
  177. Jenkins, Clinton N, R. D. Powell, O L. Bass Jr., and S. L. Pimm . 2003. Demonstrating the destruction of the habitat of the Cape Sable seaside sparrow (Ammodramus maritimus mirabilis) Animal Conservation 6, 29–38
  178. Jenkins, Clinton N, R. D. Powell, O L. Bass Jr., and S. L. Pimm . 2003. Why sparrow distributions do not match model predictions Animal Conservation 6, 39–46
  179. Myers, N. and S. L. Pimm 2003. The Last Extinction. Foreign Policy, March/April, 28-29.
  180. G. Sugihara, L-F Bersier, T. R. E. Southwood, S. L. Pimm, and R. M. May* Predicted correspondence between species abundances and dendrograms of niche similarities. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (U.S.A.) 100: 5246-5251
  181. Liu, Jianguo, Z. Ouyang, S. L. Pimm, P.H. Raven, X. Wang, M. Xiaoke, H. Hong, and N. Han. 2003. Protecting China’s Biodiversity Science 300: 1240-1241.
  182. Jenkins, C. N. and S. L. Pimm. 2003. How big is the global weed patch? Annals of the Missouri Botanic Garden, 90: 172-178.
  183. G. Ferraz, G. J. Russell, P C. Stouffer, R. O. Bierregaard, S. L. Pimm, and T. E. Lovejoy. Rates of species loss from Amazonian forest fragments Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (U.S.A.) 100: 14069-14073.
  184. Pimm, S. L. 2003. Expiry dates. Nature 426: 235-236.
  185. Whyte. I.J., R. van Aarde, and S. L. Pimm. 2003. Kruger’s elephant population: its size and consequences for ecosystem heterogeneity. In J. T. du Toit, K. V. Rogers, and H.C. Biggs (eds.) The Kruger Experience: Ecology and Management of Savanna Heterogeneity. 518pp. Island Press, Washington DC.
  186. Pimm, S. L. and J. H. Brown. 2004. Domains of diversity. Science 304: 831-833.
  187. Saterson, K. A, N. L. Christensen, R. B. Jackson, S. L. Pimm, M. D. Smith and J. B. Weiner. 2004. Disconnects in evaluating the relative effectiveness of conservation strategies. Conservation Biology: 18: 1-3.
  188. Pimm, S. L. 2004. Growing biodiversity. Nature 430: 967-968.
  189. Harris, G. M. and S.L. Pimm. 2004. Bird species’ tolerance of secondary forest habitats and its effects on extinction. Conservation Biology: 18, 1607-1616.
  190. Pimm, S. L. 2004. Loss of species due to climate change. (Interview in) Environmental Review 11(8) 1-8.
  191. Wassenaar, T. D. , R J. Van Aarde, S. L. Pimm, and S. M. Ferreira 2005. Community convergence in disturbed subtropical dune forests. Ecology 86: 655-666.
  192. Pimm, S.L., L. Dollar and O. L. Bass, Jr. 2006. The Genetic Rescue of the Florida Panther. Animal Conservation, (January) 2006. volume 9.
    reprint may be obtained from the author >
  193. Pimm, S.L. and C.N. Jenkins. 2005. Sustaining the Variety of Life. Scientific American 293(3): 66-73.
  194. Harris, Jenkins, and Stuart L. Pimm 2005. Refining Biodiversity Conservation Priorities Conservation Biology 19, 1958-1968.
  195. Van Houtan, K. S., Pimm, S. L., Bierregaard Jr., R. O., Lovejoy, T. E., & Stouffer, P. C. 2006. Local extinctions in Amazonian forest fragments. Evolutionary Ecology Research 8: 129-148.
  196. Pimm, S. L. 2006. It’s a new century: do you know where your orchids are?  Selbyana 26:5-13.reprint may be obtained from the author >
  197. Russell, G.J.,  J. Diamond, T.M. Reed, and S. L. Pimm. 2006. Breeding birds on small islands: island biogeography or optimal foraging?  Journal of Animal Ecology 75, 324-339.
  198. Jenkins, C.N. & S. L. Pimm, 2006.  Definindo Prioridades de Conservação em um Hotspot de Biodiversidade Global in Rocha, C.F.D., H.G. Bergallo, M. Van Sluys, & M.A.S. Alves (Eds.).  Biologia da Conservação: Essências. RiMa Editora, São Carlos, SP. Brazil.  reprint may be obtained from the author >
  199. Dickman, C. R., S. L. Pimm, and M. Cardillo. 2007.  The pathology of biodiversity loss: the practice of conservation.  In MacDonald, D, (ed) Key Topics in Conservation Biology, Blackwell, Oxford. reprint may be obtained from the author >
  200. Pimm, S. L., P. Raven, A. Peterson, C. H.  and P. R. Ehrlich.  2006.  Human impacts on the rates of recent, present, and future bird extinctions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (U.S.A.) 103: 10941-10946.
  201. Montoya, J. M., S. L. Pimm and R.V. Solé. 2006.  Ecological networks and their fragility. Nature 442: 259-264.(A review article and it provided the cover for its issue of the journal.)
  202. Van Houtan, K. S. & Pimm, S. L. 2006. “The Christian ethics of species conservation.” Pages 116-147 In Religion and the New Ecology: Environmental Prudence in a World in Flux (Eds). D. M. Lodge & C. Hamlin). University of Notre Dame Press, South Bend, IN.
  203. Kinahan, A. A., S. L. Pimm, and R. J. van Aarde. 2007.  Ambient temperature as a determinant of landscape use in the savanna elephant, Loxodonta africana. Journal of Thermal Biology, 32: 47-58.
  204. Van Houtan, K. S., Pimm, S. L., Halley, J. M., Bierregaard Jr., R. O., and Lovejoy, T. E. (2007) Dispersal of Amazonian birds in continuous and fragmented forest. Ecology Letters 10 (3): 219–229.
  205. Pimm, S. L. 2007. Africa: still the “Dark Continent”. Conservation Biology 21: 567-569.
  206. Pimm, S. L. 2007. Imagining a better world. Nature 448: 135-146.
  207. Vale, M. M., J.B. Bell, M.A.S. Alves and S. L. Pimm. 2007. Abundance, distribution and conservation of Rio Branco Antbird Cercomacra carbonaria and Hoary-throated Spinetail(Synallaxis kollari) Bird Conservation International 17: 245-257.
  208. Harris, G.M.  and S. L. Pimm 2008. Range size and extinction risk in forest birds.Conservation Biology 22: 163-171.
  209. Loarie, S., L. N. Joppa, and S.L. Pimm. 2007. Satellites miss environmental priorities. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 22: 630-632.
  210. Pimm, S. L. 2008. Biodiversity: climate change or habitat loss — which will kill more species?Current Biology 18: 117-119.
  211. Pimm, S. L. 2008. Letters to my grandchildren and great-grandchildren. In Wallace, M., The way we will be 50 years from today. Thomas Nelson Pub. reprint may be obtained from the author >
  212. Loarie, S., L. N. Joppa, and S.L. Pimm. 2008. Satellites miss environmental priorities — reply.Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 23: 183-184.
  213. Harris, G. M., G. J, Russell, R. J. van Aarde, and S. L. Pimm.  2008.  Rules of habitat by elephants Loxodonta africana in southern Africa: insights for regional management.. Oryx 42: 66-75.
  214. Pimm, S. L. 2008. Imagine immortal elephants. Oryx, 42, 2.
  215. Vale, M.M., M. A. S. Alves, 2008. Biopiracy: conservationists have to rebuild lost trust. Nature453, 26.
  216. Joppa, L.N, S.R. Loarie, and S. L. Pimm. 2008.  On the protection of “protected areas.”Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (U.S.A.) 105: 6673-6678.
  217. Pimm, S, L., M.A. S. Alves, E. Chivian, and A. Bernstein. 2008. What is biodiversity? In E. Chivian and A. Bernstein (eds). Sustaining Life: How Human Health Depends on Biodiversity. Oxford University Press.
  218. Vale, M. M, Cohn-Haft, M., Bergen, S and S. L. Pimm. 2008. Effects of future infrastructure development on threat status and occurrence of Amazonian Birds. Conservation Biology 22: 1006-1015
  219. Pimm, S. L. 2008. Where the wild things were. Nature 457: 275-276.
  220. Finer, M, C. N. Jenkins, S. L. Pimm, B. Keane, C. Ross 2008. Oil and gas projects in the Western Amazon: threats to wilderness, biodiversity, and indigenous peoples. PLOS ONE 3: e2932.
  221. Alves, M. A. S., S. L. Pimm, A. Storni, M. A. Raposo, M. de L. Brooke, G. Harris, A. Foster, and C. N. Jenkins. 2008. Mapping and exploring the distribution of a threatened bird, Grey-winged Cotinga. Oryx. 42, 562-566
  222. Joppa, L.N, S.R. Loarie, and S. L. Pimm. 2009. On population growth near protected areas. PLOS One, 4. e4279.
  223. Pimm, S. L. 2009.  How to be top dog.  Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 24: 123.
  224. Stracey, C. M. and S.L. Pimm. 2009. Testing island biogeography theory with visitation rates of birds to British islands.  Journal of Biogeography.  36: 1532-1539
  225. Adeney, J. M., N. L. Christensen Jr., and S. L. Pimm  2009.  Reserves protect against deforestation fires in the Amazon.  PLOS One, e5014.
  226. Boulton, R. L., J.L. Lockwood, M.J. Davis, A. Pedziwilk, K.A. Boadway, J.J.T. Boadway, D. Okines and S.L. Pimm 2009.  Endangered Cape Sable Seaside Sparrow survival.  Journal of Wildlife Management 73: 530-537
  227. Alves, M.A. S., C.N. Jenkins, S.L. Pimm, A. Storni, M.A. Raposo, M. de L. Brooke, G. Harris and A. Foster.  2009. Birds, Montane forest, State of Rio de Janeiro, Southeastern Brazil.  Check List 5: 289-200.
  228. Joppa, L.N, J, Bascompte, J. M. Montoya, R.V. Sole, J. Sanderson, and S. L. Pimm. 2009.  Reciprocal specialization on ecological networks.  Ecology Letters 12: 961-969.
  229. Sanderson, J. G.,  J.M. Diamond, and S. L. Pimm, 2009.  Pairwise co-existence of Bismarck and Solomon landbird species.  Evolutionary Ecology Research 11, 771-786.
  230. Pimm, S.L. 2009.  Climate disruption and biodiversity.  Current Biology 19, 595-601. 
  231. Loarie, S. R., R. J. van Aarde and S. L. Pimm. 2009. Fences and artificial water affect African savannah elephant movement patters.  Biological Conservation  142: 3086-3098
  232. Loarie, S. R., R. J. van Aarde and S. L. Pimm. 2009. Elephant seasonal vegetation preferences across dry and wet savannahs.  Biological Conservation 142: 3099-3107
  233. Grainger, A, et al. S. L. Pimm (correspondence author), 2009. Biodiversity and REDD at Copenhagen.  Current Biology. 19: 974-976
  234. Pimm, S. L., N. Roulet, A. Weaver.  2009. Boreal forests’ carbon stores need better management.  Nature 462: 276
  235. van Houtan, K. S., J. M. Halley, R. van Aarde, and S.L. Pimm (2009).  Achieving success with small, translocated mammal populations. Conservation Letters, 2: 254-264.
  236. Pimm, S. L. and C. N. Jenkins.  (2010).  Extinctions and the practice of preventing them.  In Conservation Biology for All, N. S. Sodhi and P. R. Ehrlich (eds).  Oxford University Press.
  237. Lucas N. Joppa, José M. Montoya, Richard Solé, Jim Sanderson and Stuart L. Pimm. (2010). On nestedness in ecological networks. Evolutionary Ecology Research, 2010, 12: 35–46
  238. Clinton N. Jenkins, Maria Alice S. Alves, and Stuart L. Pimm. (2010). Avian conservation priorities in a top-ranked biodiversity hotspot. Biological Conservation 143 (2010) 992–998.
  239. Questions & Answers with Stuart Pimm. (2010). Current Biology Vol 20 No 5.
  240. Adrian M. Shrader, Stuart L. Pimm and Rudi J. van Aarde. (2010). Elephant survival, rainfall and the confounding effects
    of water provision and fences. ISSN 0960-3115, Volume 19, Number 8.
  241. Kyle S. Van Houtan, Oron L. Bass Jr., Julie Lockwood and Stuart L. Pimm. (2010). Importance of estimating dispersal for endangered bird
    management. Conservation Letters 00 (2010) 1–7.
  242. Lucas N. Joppa, David L. Roberts and Stuart L. Pimm. (2010). How many species of flowering plants are there? Proc. R. Soc. B published online 7 July 2010.
  243. Stuart L. Pimm, Clinton N. Jenkins, Lucas N. Joppa, David L. Roberts and Gareth J. Russell. (2010). How Many Endangered Species Remain to Be
    Discovered in Brazil? Natureza & Conservação 8(1):71-77, July 2010.